I'm not sure how these were made. I'm mostly bragging on behalf of CPB. He has his own recipe, usually when we cook he follows the recipe to-a-tee. I'm working on breaking him of that habbit, but for these Meatballs he took a few recipes, picked what he'd like and Ta Da! I'm so proud. The first night we ate them with Pasta and the second as a Sub. Both completely wonderful.